HTML5 Boilerplate: A Basic Skeleton File

2020-09-09   Rishit Patel

Nobody likes writing same code over and over again. That's why here's a HTML5 Boilerplate for your next web dev project. You can copy paste this skeleton code every time you want to create a webpage with HTML.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<title></title>
<link rel="icon" href="images/favicon.png" />
<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/styles.css" />
</head>
<body>
<script src="js/script.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

This HTML5 boilerplate code contains some important things that should be included in every HTML5 webpage. Let's go over those important codes.

The Doctype

First thing in every HTML5 file should be Document Type Declaration, or doctype. This is simply a way to tell the browser what type of document it’s looking at.

<!DOCTYPE html>

The HTML tags

Next up in in every HTML5 document should be opening and closing html tags. You can specify the language of your webpage by adding lang attribute. Here I've declared English language by adding lang="en".

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en"></html>

The head section

The next part of our webpage is the head section. The head section contains items like title of the webpage, meta tags, link tags for stylesheets.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<title></title>
</head>
</html>

The meta tags

We need to add some meta tags between head tags to define some important things like character encoding of webpage, viewport width, etc. It's not mandatory but it helps browser to understand your webpage better.

<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />

Link to custom css and js

You can link your stylesheet file with html webpage by setting href attribute of link tag to location of your css file. Also, to link your JavaScript file your can set src attribute of script tag to location of your .js file.

<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/styles.css" />
<script src="js/script.js"></script>